How to get an EPD published

1 Checking the existence of PCRs

If a Product Category Rule exists, see “LCA Study”.

After having verified that there are no PCRs available in the EPD India Programme for the product covered by the initiative, it should be verified the existence thereof within other Programmes managed by different Operators. It is advisable to check how the characteristics of the life cycle of the relevant product category have been identified. Therefore, to ensure the harmonisation of Programmes, it is important, whilst complying with EPDIndia Regulations, to develop the PCRs taking into account and using existing PCRs already developed within other Programmes.

2 Development of a new PCR (when and if required)

See the dedicated page.
An EPD can also be developed without an approved PCR. In this case the is a Preliminary Validation, which is valid only for 18 months and cannot be renewed.

3 LCA study

An LCA Study, to obtain the environmental indicators, must be developed according to ISO 14040 and ISO 14044.
The LCA Study must be structured to meet the PCR Requirements. It must include calculation tables, explanations and interpretations concerning the calculation models adopted by the Organisation and the assumptions made.
In particular, data must be presented in a clear and transparent manner, for the different stages of the Product Life Cycle.

4 Report LCA and EPD

The LCA Study must contain:

  • the boundaries of the study
  • the functional unit
  • the technical specifications of the product
  • definition of the cut-off criteria
  • description of data quality (specific data, selected generic data, generic data)
  • allocation rules
  • waste management
  • definition of the scenario relating to end of life
  • by-products

The EPDIndia Programme allows for the inclusion in the same EPD of environmental information relating to similar products from the same facility and/or from different production facilities. In this case, the EPD should include data on the “average product” among the different products being considered. This type of EPD may be used only if the deviation of the various environmental indicators relating to each product is, in absolute terms, less than 10% of the corresponding average figure.

The EPD must include:

  • a reference to ICMQ (and its web site) as the EPD India Programme Operator
  • the EPDIndia logo
  • a reference to the PCR
  • the date of publication and its validity
  • an identification code, provided by the Technical Secretariat
  • all data of the LCA (including, where appropriate, the stages that are not considered) of the inventory
  • the reference year of the data used in the LCA study
  • the trade name of the product and its identification (for example its model or code)
  • the CPC code
  • a brief description of the Organisation, including the reference to any Management System Certification. Comparative judgements concerning other Organisation or their products are not allowed
  • technical description of the product, its possible uses, useful life, functional characteristics
  • functional unit, consistently with the corresponding PCR;
  • content of the main materials
  • environmental performance of the product
  • additional environmental information
  • information on the content of recycled materials
  • information on the places where explanatory materials are available
  • statement informing that the EPDs from different programmes may not be comparable

For more information see EPD India Regulation.

5 LCA and EPD verification and validation

The LCA and EPD verification process concerns:

  • the value of the data used in the LCA study from which the indicators included in the EPD are drawn
  • the value of the model used in the LCA study
  • the consistency of the LCA study (boundaries, cut-off criteria, allocation rules, functional unit, etc.) with whatever is reported in the applicable PCR and in these Regulations
  • the way in which data are reported in the EPD
  • the validation of data reported in the EPD
  • any further environmental statement

For more information see EPD India Regulation.

6 Registration and Publication

To publish an EPD an Organisation can contact ICMQ, sending the EPD and the validation certificate received from the approved Certification Body, together with the form that is available on its Internet site and the audit report for construction products.

For other products the following check list must be used.

Upon reception of all above, a Technical Committee checks the consistency of the documentation received and takes a resolution on the publication of the EPD.

Once the EPD is issued, a Registration Number is assigned and the EPD is published in the EPDIndia web site. Upon request an EPD published by EPDIndia can also be published in the EPDItaly web site and therefore promoted all over Europe.