Environmental Product Declaration (EPD)

The Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) is a document, similar to the nutritional information on the back of food packets, enabling:

  • Manufacturers to declare the environmental features of a product
  • Purchasers / Users to consider this information in their procurement decisions

The overall goal of EPD is to communicate verifiable and accurate information about environmental aspects of products in order to provide a basis for a fair comparison of any product in a given category.

The reference standards for Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) are:
  • ISO 14025 Environmental labels and declarations — Type III environmental declarations — Principles and procedures, and
  • ISO 21930 Sustainability in building construction — Environmental declaration of building products

EPD is defined by ISO 14025 as being “quantified environmental data for a product with pre-set categories or parameters based on the ISO 14040/4 standards (LCA), but not excluding additional environmental information”.

An EPD provides a single source of scientifically robust and transparent information about a product’s environmental impact through its life cycle, verified by a qualified third party in accordance with publicly available criteria (Product Category Rules).

The EPD according to ISO 14025 is based on the following pillars:

  1. Product Category Rules (PCR): reference document prepared in compliance with the ISO 14025 and approved by the EPD Programme Operator.
  2. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA): carried out by the Manufacturer on the product in compliance with ISO 14040/4 requirements. The EPD will be prepared by the Manufacturer on the basis of the LCA results.
  3. EPD Verification: conducted by a Third Independent Party to validate the results of the LCA and the information contained in the EPD;
  4. EPD Publication: done by EPDIndia running the system in an open and professional manner according to publicly available rules and procedures.

Types of EPD

Manufacturer EPD

  1. Declaration of a specific product from a manufacturer’s factory
  2. Declaration of a specific product averaged from multiple factories of the same manufacturer
  3. Declaration of an average product from a manufacturer’s factory
  4. Declaration of an average product averaged from multiple factories of the same manufacturer

Sector EPD

  1. Declaration of a specific product averaged from multiple factories of several manufacturers
  2. Declaration of an average product averaged from multiple factories of several manufacturers

Reference EPD

  1. Declaration concerning the worst impacts for a sample product of specific sector, of a specific geographic scope

Template EPD

  1. Declaration of a typical product within a group of similar products with common functions and identical manufacturing processes

Application form (Italian version, PDF)