Why EPD is needed for products

In today’s market, manufacturers can no longer affort to make unsubstantiated “green” claims. More and more, specifiers and purchasers expect credibility and transparency from the market. This can be effectively provided by an Environmental Product Declaration (EPD).

EPDs have been used extensively for years, mostly in the European Union, Japan and USA and in different countries Regulators are introducing provisions requesting products to be accompanied by an EPD.
The demand for EPD comes from different sources:
  • Buyers and product specifiers are increasingly askig for environmental information about the products they select
  • Regulators are introducing de facto and for an increasing number of products requirements demanding EPD. The European Union is stimulating the demand side by strengthening the link between Public Procurement and EPDs
  •  Green Building rating schemes (e.g. LEED, GRIHA, BREEAM) recognize credits to EPD certified products according to ISO 14025. LEED requires at least 20 EPD certified products supplied by at least 5 different manufacturers to appraise credits for materials.
  • The National Building Code of India (NBC), Part 11 “Approach to Sustainability”, is recommending the LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) as a tool for selection of materials
  •  International Trades recognize environmental labels and declarations verified by third parties as a key factor for exporting to Europe, Japan and USA. This will be particularly important for products under the “Make In India” program.
EPD provides all the relevant stakeholders with:
  • Credibility by means of a Third Party Certification
  • Consistency through an LCA study providing consistent environmental information for different purposes (eco-design, environmental reporting, client satisfaction)
  • Comparability for continuous improvement and benchmarking among competitors
  • Transparency of procedures and requirements (PCR)

EPD is becoming more and more an effective marketing tool for promoting products not only in India but above all in the international markets.